Ruby Hirose

Biochemist Ruby Hirose made major contributions to the development of vaccines against infantile paralysis and found a way to improve the pollen extracts that help sufferers of hay fever.

Mary Sherman Morgan

Mary Sherman Morgan is said to have single handedly saved the US Space Program – but most people had no idea they work she did – including her own son who turned her story into a play and then a biography, Rocket Girl.

Mary Letitia Caldwell

Dr. Mary Letitia Caldwell was the first female member of the senior faculty in chemistry at Columbia University, and developed a method for isolating crystalline pancreatic enzymes.

Ada Yonath

Dr. Ada Yonath has spent her career pioneering the use of the field of crystallography to map the structures of ribosomes.

Gertrude B. Elion

Gertrude Elion was a pharmacology researcher that changed the way drug research is undertaken and make it much more rigorous and less trial-and-error. Not only did she help develop numerous medications but she was award a Nobel Prize for her work.

Maria Goeppert Mayer

Dr. Maria Goeppert Mayer started off studying mathematics but switched to physics to end up doing groundbreaking work in the realm of nuclear chemistry.

Helen Murray Free

Recipient of a National Medal of Technology and Innovation in 2009 Helen Murray Free also served as a president of the American Chemical Society and is known for the development of self-testing systems for those diagnosed with diabetes.

Ellen Swallow Richards

Noticing a lack of formal laboratory training for women in scientific fields, Ellen Swallow Richards brokered a deal between MIT and the Women’s Education Association of Boston to have a dedicated lab space built and equipped in 1875.

Marguerite Perey

Marguerite Perey discovered the element Francium and was the first woman elected to the French Academy of Sciences.

Carolyn Bertozzi

Dr. Carolyn Bertozzi is credited with developing the field of biorthogonal chemistry.

Mary Engle Pennington

Near the end of her career Dr. Mary Engle Pennington founded the Household Refrigeration Bureau in 1923 to educate consumers in safe practices in domestic refrigeration which she had earlier shown as an integral part of food safety.

Patsy O’Connell Sherman

Not only was Pasty O Sherman a co-inventor of the product Scotchgard, but she was the first to create an “optical brightener” a detergent additive that allowed manufacturers to boast that their product could makes clothes “white than white.”

1 2 3 4