For her work on the discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain, Dr. May-Britt Moser shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2014.
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Dr. Ada Yonath has spent her career pioneering the use of the field of crystallography to map the structures of ribosomes.
As a graduate student Dr. Carol Greider was studying molecular biology at the University of California Santa Barbara in the laboratory of Dr. Elizabeth Blackburn. In 2009, she and Blackburn shared the Nobel Prize in medicine.
DNA is what makes you – you. It contains the genetic code for all the cells in your body that are used to make your entire system. In 1980, Dr. Elizabeth Blackburn published her first findings about the molecular nature of telomeres showing that they actually contain a particular DNA, and her work eventually led her to win a Nobel Prize.
Dr. Linda Buck shared the Nobel Prize in medicine for helping discover odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system, learning more about how we smell the world around us.
Currently the Director of the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology, Dr. Nüsslein-Volhard is a Nobel Prize laureate for discoveries on genetic control of early embryonic development.
Gertrude Elion was a pharmacology researcher that changed the way drug research is undertaken and make it much more rigorous and less trial-and-error. Not only did she help develop numerous medications but she was award a Nobel Prize for her work.
Losing her job as an assistant in the anatomy department at the University of Turin after Mussolini passed a law in 1938 barring people of Jewish heritage from working at universities or in medicine Dr. Rita Levi-Montalcini wasn’t going to let that get in the way of her research.
Often considered an outsider and rebel, Dr. Barbara McClintock was really more a visionary and very ahead of her time.
Dr. Rosalyn Sussman Yalow was able to use the radioimmunoassay methods she and a colleague developed to prove that type 2 diabetes is caused by the body’s inefficient use of insulin not a lack of insulin like had been previously thought.
Recipient of the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics, Dr. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin was a leader in the field of molecular biology and a pioneer in the field of protein crystallography.
Dr. Maria Goeppert Mayer started off studying mathematics but switched to physics to end up doing groundbreaking work in the realm of nuclear chemistry.